Illegal content that extends widespread radical extremism across the internet needs to be urgently deleted and hence cooperation between Internet service providers and Member States is needed, says a draft legally binding resolution adopted by the European Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs.
The committee adopted a report compiled by French representative Rachida Dati of the European People's Party. After the adoption of the Committee, the text was referred to the plenary session of the European Parliament, which should vote on it in the second half of November.
The text says that the internet and social networks are a significant factor in the expansion of radicalism and fundamentalism and call on the EU and its member states to develop a comprehensive strategy to prevent radicalization and recruitment of EU citizens by terrorist organizations. This strategy should encompass external, social and educational policies, the judiciary and the law enforcement agencies, and the emphasis should be on preventive and not reactive measures, say MPs.
Illegal content on the internet that incites and spreads violence and extremism needs to be urgently deleted, but in accordance with fundamental rights and freedom of expression.
According to estimates, about five thousand European citizens joined terrorist organizations fighting in Syria and Iraq. These "foreign fighters" continue to spread terrorist ideas on their return to the EU.
The closures have become a root of radicalism, in which some detainees harass small offenders for radical ideas.
Rachida Dati, author of the report, said she had proposed measures whose effectiveness was proven, but that there was no consensus among the political groups. Some of these proposals are the isolation of radical prisoners from others and greater surveillance of the movement of European citizens under suspicion.
"I am sorry that there is no consensus at this stage for such measures as introducing systematic and mandatory controls at the external borders of the European Union," says Dati.
The members of the Committee took up the common definition of "foreign fighters" in their pronounced text, which would allow their prosecution. Member States are invited to share experiences in monitoring the entry and exit of these fighters in and out of the EU. It also seeks to freeze the accounts of these citizens to prevent them from participating in terrorist activities in areas of conflict in third countries.
Representatives point out that member states should have the possibility of seizing a passport at the request of the competent judicial authorities in order to prevent the holders of these passports from joining terrorist organizations.
The text warns that all these measures must be followed by a proactive policy of inclusion and deratization. In this regard, MPs believe that it is necessary to establish a support system to provide members of families and friends with assistance in the event of a change of behavior in a member of the community indicating that it is affected by a terrorist group.