More children, more fortunate, say the old Chinese saying, but in today's "socialist market economy" many modern Chinese Chinese children can not afford it.
Taxi driver Wang hardly believed when he heard the news that China after 36 had decided to abolish a child's policy, but then decided to share emotions.
"There will be no differences. Only you will be able to afford the second child, "said Wang, the father of an eleven-year-old boy. "I can not".
For decades, the Chinese have been waiting for their ruling Communist Party to ease the strict policy of family planning.
China's controversial policy of a child has been introduced by 1979. in order to counteract the sudden growth of the population. The measure, however, has led to population aging and loss of workforce. The decision to change such a policy was unexpected, even though long-hauled reasons for and against.
But many of the Chinese have been welcomed by the cold because of the high cost of housing and education of the child.
"Permission to have a second child does not mean having opportunities for it," citizens are quoted on social networks.
Others add that the measure has been delayed and will not have a rapid impact on demographic change and addressing the aging population problem.
"Two sons would mean the end of the family," a blogger wrote, pointing out that the whole family has to collect money for the apartment, which is a precondition for a married girl in China.
Many couples are themselves from a family with one child and are accustomed to the concept. Regardless of all the issues, surveys show that about half of the couples, at least declaratively, would like to have another child.
The positive effects of the new measure are expected between 2040 and 2050. years. It is assumed that the number of workforces will increase until then, and the pressure on pension funds will be smaller.
The surplus of men in the country should also be reduced, as a child's state policy has led to a number of inequalities in the sexes. Selective abortions of women's fruits have been introduced because traditionally it is believed that a male child will provide better parentage for her. By the latest data, in China, a 100 girl is a child of 117, which means that men find it harder to find a wife, especially if they are without money. The introduction of two children policy should reduce that pressure.
Chinese authorities intend to implement the new policy to the provincial authorities. Couples who want another child will still have to seek approval.
In the editorial on Friday, the Global Times state list states that abolishing one's child's politics "a reflection of popular will", recognizing that this measure among the poor was hateful.
But, adds a list, family planning "has constrained the uncontrolled growth of the population and encouraged economic growth".
Many now, however, call for the complete abolition of state intervention in family planning and allowing families to make their own decisions. "From our point of view, states continue to arbitrarily and unnecessarily intervene in reproductive rights of people," they said in Chinese Human Rights Watch.