President of the Croatian Parliament, Josip Leko, participates in 4. the World Conference of Parliament Speakers at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, where he spoke on Monday in the afternoon in local time as part of the discussion on "Investing Parameters in Defining and Implementing New Sustainable Development Goals" and "Current Challenges in Parliaments".
Speaking to the conference, Saber Chowdhury, chairwoman of Interparliamentary Union (IPU), said the world is at a crossroads due to numerous threats and challenges for humanity, such as climate change, natural disasters, inequality, security threats and terrorism and poverty. -After the adoption of the new Sustainable Development Goals for the next fifteen years, which would replace the Millennium Development Goals, it is the most ambitious world effort to deal with these problems. These goals also include mechanisms to ensure their application through national parliaments, where there is a great responsibility for bringing the necessary legislation, said Chowdhury.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon gave recognition to the IPU for efforts to make the new Sustainable Development Goals and also stressed the importance of applying targets at national levels.
In addressing the participants of the conference, Croatian Parliament Speaker Josip Leko stressed that parliamentary democracy in practice has proved to be the "system in which people are most satisfied", but that the system needs to be constantly updated. -What democracy as "the power of the people" really lived and was healthy requires an effective mechanism for implementing the "power" of the people. The political responsibility of the executive branch is focused on the question of ministerial accountability to the parliament. This is not only the current problem of the functioning of the Croatian parliamentary system, but the key issue of the functioning of parliamentary institutions in all parliamentary systems. Monitoring itself is largely dependent on the relationship between political forces manifested in parliamentary elections, but also in the democracies within the political party that forms the parliamentary majority. Democracy of a political party that is beginning to exercise power in the country is probably of crucial importance. The degree of democratization of the way of making important decisions within the party itself will largely be transferred to the way of keeping the country and will certainly be recognized by the citizens themselves. Citizens are ultimately in the name of which the country is being managed, Leko stressed, adding that the crisis of confidence in the institutions of power and the political elite has now affected the developed democracies. - It could be said that citizens lose trust in politicians, based on the belief that politicians can not solve the biggest problems faced by their political communities, such as unemployment. In many countries disappointment and dissatisfaction reached the level of frustration of citizens, Leko said, among other things, concluding that "the most important means of maintaining the system of executive accountability remains the accumulation of bills in the elections."