The City Office for Health in accordance with the Action Plan for the upcoming heat of the Ministry of Health warns citizens of the city of Zagreb that in the next few days, on Thursday, Friday and Saturday, a moderate risk of heat stroke. According to the forecast of the National Hydrometeorological Institute, special attention is required in the days to be exposed to sun and heat.
The WARM VALUE DANGER may cause DEHYDRATION with symptoms of headache, dry skin and lips, increased body temperature, rapid heartbeat and nausea. The only prevention is taking larger amounts of fluid, and most important water.
WARM VELICITY AND VELVET HIGH DANGER may cause, in addition to dehydration, dry and red skin, and sunburn, excessive heat, nausea and vomiting, cramping, cessation of body temperature regulation, sudden collapse and pressure drop, headaches, dizziness, chest pulse and in the worst cases it may be life-threatening.
In the days of dangers of a heat wave, it is important to avoid direct exposure to the sun between 10-17h, drink plenty of fluids, water or unsweetened tea, alcohol-free drinks, wear lightweight clothing and footwear, sunglasses, hat, reduce physical effort, chill out in colder areas and shower with lukewarm water, older children (and pets) it is important not to leave them unattended in the sun, to eat lighter, richer water (fresh fruit and vegetables, soups).
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE EXPLOITATION OF THE WASTE OF UMBRELLA
Of all the interventions of the Emergency Aid in Zagreb during the summer months around 5% of interventions can be related to the effect of heat on the patients, which averages about a dozen interventions per day.
- Infants and toddlers
- pregnant women
- People older than 65 years
- Patients with chronic diseases (hypertension, heart disease, pulmonary disease, diabetes ...)
- Workers exposed to sun and heat (construction workers, farmers ...)
- Avoid going out in the hottest part of the day.
- Vulnerable Groups - Do not go outdoors between 10 and 17 hours.
- Lightweight, lightweight clothing with head protection (hat, cap).
- Take enough fluid (1,5 - 2 liter per day).
- Cool the space in which you are staying.
- Shower in lukewarm water.
- Avoid alcohol and beverages with too much caffeine and sugar.
- Lighter food, smaller and more frequent meals.
- Avoid heavier physical burdens in the open and inadequately cooled areas.
- Do not leave children in parked vehicles.
When to ask for help:
- Weakness and powerlessness with dizziness, severe headache, nausea and vomiting, high body temperature.
What to do:
- The sooner you go to the cooler space and lie in the horizontal position.
- In cramps (usually in the legs and hands after physical effort) drink liquids containing electrolytes. If the cramps do not stop after an hour - seek medical help.
- If a person has a hot, dry skin or is delirious, uncomplicated or discomforted with spasm or unconscious:
- Immediately call emergency medical help
- Place the person in a cold space in a horizontal position, lift up his legs, remove clothes and start cooling.
- Cold packs (liquid water - no water from the refrigerator) on the neck, armpits and groin with fan
- Chill a person until the body temperature drops below the 380 C
- Do not give any lowering medicines (acetylsalicylic acid, paracetamol)
- Position the person unconscious in the lateral position